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In Greek mythology, cyclopes are originally members of a primordial race of giants, each with a single eye located on the middle of his (or her) forehead. The name is widely thought to mean "circle-eyed".
In the times of the ancient Greece and Rome, there were many poets who described the Cyclopes Race. The most recognized story featuring a Cyclopes is Homer's classic epic poem, The Odyssey. Here, Odysseus (the hero of this story) outsmarts a cyclopes to save not only his life, but that of his men's as well, on their way home from the Trojan War.
Cyclopes in mythology
Hesiod described them as three brothers who were primordial giants. They were the sons of Uranus and Gaia, and brothers of the Hacatonchires. According to , they were strong, stubborn, and "abrupt of emotion". Collectively, they eventually became synonyms for brute strength and power, and their name was invoked in connection with massive masonry. They were often pictured at their forge.
Uranus, fearing their strength, locked them in Tartarus. Cronus, another son of Uranus and Gaia, later freed the Cyclopes, along with the Hecatonchires, after he had overthrown Uranus. Cronus then placed them back in Tartarus, where they remained, guarded by the female dragon Campe, until freed by Zeus. They fashioned thunderbolts for Zeus to use as weapons, and helped him overthrow Cronus and the other Titans. The lightning bolts, which became Zeus's main weapons, were forged by all three Cyclopes, in that Arges added brightness, Brontes added thunder, and Steropes added lightning.
These Cyclopes also created Poseidon's trident, Artemis's bow and arrows of moonlight, Apollo's bow and arrows of sun rays, and Hades's helmet of darkness that was given to Perseus on his quest to kill Medusa.